How to Express TIME in Italian (prepositions, articles, etc.)

«In Dicembre, lunedi vado sempre al cinema perché fa freddo, mentre sul weekend mi piace stare in casa». In this sentence, there are 5 mistakes… If you can’t find them, don’t miss this fantastic lesson!

Talk about TIME in Italian

Days of the week

lunedì (Monday)
martedì (Tuesday)
mercoledì (Wednesday)
giovedì (Thursday)
venerdì (Friday)
sabato (Saturday)
domenica (Sunday)

Pay attention not to forget that:

– the first 5 have the accent at the end

– they are all written using lower-case letters

– they are all masculine except for Sunday

Now, an important thing that you have to know is that the days of the week are preceded by the definite article or by the preposition DI if we refer to something that happens every week on that day.

For example:

La domenica (= ogni domenica) mangio sempre molto, però di lunedì (= ogni lunedì) vado in palestra. (On Sundays I always eat a lot, but every Monday I go to the gym)

Instead, if we refer to something that happened only on a specific day, than we won’t use the article neither the preposition.

For example:

Martedì sono andata dal medico, mentre venerdì ho cenato al ristorante. (On Tuesday I went to the doctor, while on Friday I had dinner at the restaurant)

Months of the year

gennaio (January)
febbraio (February)
marzo (March)
aprile (April)
maggio (May)
giugno (June)
luglio (July)
agosto (August)
settembre (September)
ottobre (October)
novembre (November)
dicembre (December)

Don’t forget that also the months are written with lower-case letters!

Moreover, they are generally preceded by the preposition A.

For example:

A luglio vanno tutti al mare. (Everyone goes to the sea in July)

Oh, don’t forget that the preposition A is used also with time and festive days like Natale (Christmas), Pasqua (Easter), Capodanno (New Year’s Eve), etc.

For example:

A Capodanno mi sveglio sempre alle 8 e mezza(On the first day of the year, I always get up at half past 8!)

If you want to know more about how to tell time in Italian, don’t miss our video-lesson on how to tell TIME in Italian!!


The order to write or tell dates in Italian is: day + month + year

For example:

Il primo allunaggio è avvenuto il 20 luglio 1969(The first landing on the Moon happened on July, 20 1969)

By writing, you can also use the abbreviation with only numbers.

For example:

Il primo allunaggio è avvenuto il 20/07/69.


primavera (Spring)
estate (Summer)
autunno (Autumn)
inverno (Winter)

With the seasons, you should use the preposition IN (it is also possible to use DI with seasons)

For example:

In estate le giornate sono più luminose. (In Summer, days are lighter)

Particular cases

We use…With…
Athe words «alba» and «tramonto» (sunrise and sunset)
DI / definite article«mattina», «pomeriggio», «sera», «notte» (morning, afternoon, evening, night)
NELcenturies and years
NELthe word «weekend»
definite articlesexpressions referring to past or future (l’anno scorso, il mese prima, la settimana dopo…)

For example:

All’alba c’è sempre un’atmosfera di pace, mentre al tramonto c’è un’atmosfera romantica. (At sunrise there’s always a peaceful atmosphere, while at sunset there’s always a romantic atmosphere)

Preferisco lavorare di mattina piuttosto che la sera perché ho più energie. (I prefer working in the morning rather than in the evening because I have more energies)

La Guerra del Golfo è scoppiata nel XX secolo, più precisamente nel 1990(The Gulf War broke out in the 20th century, precisely in 1990)

Vado sempre in pizzeria nel weekend(I always go to pizzeria on the weekend)

L’anno prossimo andrò negli Stati Uniti. (Next year I’ll go to the US)

Doubts about articulated prepositions? Learn them once and for all with our fantastic lesson on the Italian articulated prepositions

Great, now, do you remember the sentence before? The one with 5 mistakes? Rewrite it in the comments with the corrections! Now you have the knowledge to do it!

Let’s see if you’ve mastered the contents of this class. Have a go at completing the exercises!

5 thoughts to “How to Express TIME in Italian (prepositions, articles, etc.)”

  1. Thank you so much for doing this. This website is just amazing as it is. Grazie mile!!! You guys are awesomely 😍🇮🇹🍕

  2. thanks a lot i study italian by myself and this is the most amazing and useful site i’ve ever seen

  3. A Dicembre, DI lunedi vado sempre al cinema perché fa freddo, mentre NEL weekend mi piace stare A casa“

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