Qualche (dei / alcuni), qualunque, qualsiasi, ogni – What’s the difference?

Qualche, qualsiasi, qualunque, ogni… Even if these Italian words have rather different meanings, they have something in common: they all refer to an indefinite number of things or people, but they are always followed by singular nouns.


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Indefinite adjectives: qualche, qualsiasi, qualunque, ogni

QUALCHE (a certain amount of, a few, any)

This indefinite adjective refers to more than one thing, but still a limited number of things or people.

It is always followed by a singular noun.

 

G: Hai qualche progetto per il futuro?  –>  Do you have any future plans?

R: Sì, ho alcuni progetti interessanti!  –> Yes, I have some interesting plans!

G: I tuoi amici mi hanno sempre detto che hai dei progetti interessanti…  –> Your friends have always told me that you have some interesting plans…

 

As you can see from the example, you can also use DEI/DEGLI/DELLE or ALCUNI/ALCUNE with the same meaning of QUALCHE.

Anyway, unlike “qualche”, “DEI” and “ALCUNI” are always followed by plural nouns and they change depending on the gender.

Here some examples:

Qualche libro
Dei libri                   }   some books
Alcuni libri

Oppure:

Qualche albero
Degli alberi            }    some trees
Alcuni alberi

 

QUALSIASI (any, whichever)

This indefinite adjective refers to a thing, it doesn’t matter which one, among different possible choices.

It is always followed by a singular noun.

 

R: Quale mela vuoi?  –>  Which apple do you want?

G: Qualsiasi mela va bene purché non sia marcia.  –>  Any apple is fine as long as it is not rotten.

 

QUALUNQUE (any, whichever)

It has the exact same meaning of “qualsiasi” and it is always followed by a singular noun too.

 

R: Ci sono tre macchine di colori diversi. Quale macchina vuoi?  –> There are three cars of different colours. Which one do you want?

G: Mi va bene qualunque macchina!  –>  Any car is good for me!

 

OGNI (every, each)

This indefinite adjective is used t0 indicate all the elements of a whole.

Like the other indefinite adjectives, this one is always followed by singular nouns as well.

 

G: Si può usare il cellulare durante l’esame l’esame di italiano?  –> Can I use the phone during the Italian exam?

R: Scherzi? Durante l’esame, ogni studente deve spegnere il proprio cellulare e rimanere in silenzio!  –> Are you kidding? During the exam, every student must turn off their phones and be quiet!

 

Great! Now you should konw how to use QUALCHE, QUALSIASI, QUALUNQUE and OGNI… anyway, just to be sure, you’ll find an exercise to practice at the end of this article: try to do it and then check the solutions at the end of the video!

If you struggle with the temporal conjunctions (finché, fintantoché, fin quando, etc.), we advise you to watch the lesson about the temporal conjunctions!

And don’t forget that if you want to improve your grammar or increase your vocabulary, you can do it directly with us, Graziana and Rocco, with online private lessons on Italki.

 

Exercise indefinite adjectives:

Rocco: Ciao Graziana! Come mai ci sono _____ libri per terra?  –>  Hi Graziana! Why are there _____ books on the floor?

Graziana: Forse c’è stata ______ scossa di terremoto.  –> Maybe it was ____ earth tremors.

Rocco: Vabbè, ______ cosa sia stata a farli cadere, perché non li hai raccolti?  –> Well, ____ it was that made them fall, why didn’t you pick them up?

Graziana: Perché ______ volta che provo a raccoglierli, sento ____ rumori e mi spavento.  –> Because ____ time I try to pick them up, I hear ____ noises and I’m afraid.

Rocco: ______ scusa è buona!  –> ____ excuse will do!

Graziana: Perché _____ volta non ti occupi tu della casa?  –> Why don’t you take care of the house ___ times?

Rocco: Perché _____ volta che lo faccio, dici sempre che combino guai. –> Because ____ time I do it, you always say that I get into trouble.

[solutions at the end of the video]

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