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Nations and Nationalities in Italian

During our lessons with foreign students, we noticed that many of them, even the most advanced, make mistakes with the names of some Nations and the respective nationalities! Here’s a full list and a video to ensure that there are no more doubts!

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Nations and Nationalities in Italian

Paese (Nation) Nazionalità (-ano) (Nationality)
Afghanistan afghano/a (Afghani)
Australia australiano/a (Australian)
Brasile (Brazil) brasiliano/a (Brazilian)
Corea del Nord (North Korea) Corea del Sud (South Korea) nord-coreano (North-Korean) sud-coreano (South-Korean)
Colombia colombiano/a (Colombian)
Cuba cubano (Cuban)
Egitto (Egypt) egiziano/a (Egyptian)
Israele (Israel) israeliano/a (Israeli)
Italia (Italy) italiano/a (Italian)
Lituania (Lithuania) lituano/a (Lithuanian)
Messico (Mexico) messicano/a (Mexican)
Pakistan pakistano/a (Pakistani)
Polinesia (Polynesia) polinesiano/a (Polynesian)
Singapore singaporiano/a (Singaporean)
Venezuela venezuelano/a (Venezuelan)

 

ese
Bangladesh bengalese (Bangladeshi)
Canada canadese (Canadian)
Cina (China) cinese  (Chinese)
Danimarca (Denmark) danese (Danish) (Dane)
Finlandia (Finland) finlandese (Finnish) (Finn)
Francia (France) francese (French)
Irlanda (Ireland) irlandese (Irish)
Norvegia (Norway) norvegese (Norwegian)
Portogallo (Portugal) portoghese (Portuguese)

 

-ino
Algeria algerino/a (Algerian)
Argentina argentino/a (Argentine)
Tunisia tunisino/a (Tunisian)

 

ense
Stati Uniti d’America (USA) statunitense (American)
Panama panamense (Panamanian)

 

eno
Cile (Chile) cileno/a (Chilean)
Iraq iracheno/a (Iraqi)

 

-o
Grecia (Greece) greco/a (Greek)
Russia russo/a (Russian)
Turchia (Turkey) turco/a (Turkish) (Turk)

Peculiarities 

Some adjectives of nationality have different suffixes from the others

-ita

vietnamita (Vietnamese)

-egno

salvadoregno/a (Salvadorean)

-ota

keniota (Kenyan)

-acco

polacco/a (Polish) (Pole)
slovacco/a (Slovak)

Review the flexion of adjectives!

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