In today’s lesson we are going to deal with 4 words that can be troublesome to many students: buono, bello, bravo, bene. They can generate some confusion but, if you’ll stay with us until the end we are going to dispel any doubts about these tricky words.
How and When to use: Buono, Bello, Bravo and Bene
Let’s start with:
It’s an adverb, more exactly, an adverb of manner, therefore it is used to describe and to tell us how an action takes place and, consequently, it is used in relation to a verb!
Example: “Parlo bene” (I speak well), “Nuoto bene” (I swim bad), “Canto bene” (I sing well) … and so on.
Thus, “Bene” describes how the action expressed in the verb is performed; in particular, it is used to indicate we can satisfactorily do that action, namely in a proper, correct way. The opposite of the adverb “bene”is: male.
Example: “Io parlo molto male il Tedesco” (I speak German very badly)
But now let’s move to:
It’s an adjective so, like all the adjectives, it has variations. It can be concurred, in gender and number, with the name to which it relates, therefore we can say: “bravo“, but also “bravi“, “brava” and “brave“. It is used to make an appreciation referring to a talent or the skill of a person to do something properly.
It can be followed by the prepositions:
in: when it is used in reference to a discipline
Example: “Mario è molto bravo in geometria!” (Mario is very good at geometry)
con: when it is used in reference to objects and people
Example: “Angela è molto brava con gli indovinelli!” (Angela is very good with riddles)
a: when it is used in reference to a verb in the infinitive form
Example: “Rocco è davvero bravo a cucinare: l’altro giorno mi ha preparato una parmigiana deliziosa!” (Rocco is really good at cooking: last day he prepared me a delicious parmigiana)
If the adjective “bravo” is followed by a noun, its meaning changes.
In fact, if we say: “Marta è una brava ragazza” (Marta is a nice girl), we are indicating that Marta behaves, follows the rules, acts in a proper way…
Actually, we have to add one thing: if we use “bravo” to express appreciation a talent or a skill, its opposite will be: incapace or incompetente; while, in the presence of a noun, the opposite of “bravo” will be: cattivo.
Examples: “Agnese è brava a guidare” (Agnese is a good driver), “Agnese è incapace a guidare” (Agnese is hopeless at driving)
“Agnese è una brava amica” (Agnese is a good friend), “Agnese è una cattiva amica” (Agnese is a bad friend)
Now it’s the turn of:
Even this one is an adjective, so we can have the variations: “bello“, “belli“, “bella” e “belle“. It is used in reference to the aesthetic of a place, person and object, thus you appreciate the appearance. Its opposite is: brutto
“La mia maglietta, acquistata su LearnAmo Collection, è davvero bella, per questo i nostri studenti dovrebbero dare un’occhiata al nostro negozio online!” (This shirt that I bought on LearnAmo Collection is really awesome, for this reason our students should take a look at our e-shop)
“Questa maglietta a righe, invece, è brutta” (Instead, this striped shirt is ugly)
At last, we have:
It’s an adjective that can be declined to “buono“, “buoni“, “buona“, “buone“. It can be used in reference to people to say they’re kind and and selfless .
Example: “Mio padre è, davvero, buono: nonostante spesso mi comporti male, non mi rimprovera mai!” (My dad is a really a good person: even though I often misbehave, he never scolds me)
It is also used to indicate the quality of an object, usually the goodness and the flavor.
Examples: “Il gelato italiano è molto buono!” (Italian ice-cream is really good) or “Questo risotto è molto buono!” (This risotto is very good)
Ah, speaking of food, have you already watched our about the typical food of every Italian region? Take a look at it if you love the “Bel Paese” cuisine!
Ok, we are at the end of this lesson, but we have a task for you! Write in the comment section by using each of these words! We will try to correct any mistakes! Besides we remind you to do the automatic exercises. See you soon with a new lesson!